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Plant and Animal Cell Definitions
Animal and Plant Cell Definitions
Cell Membrane- the outermost living structure of a cell.
It controls the passage of materials into and out of the cell.
Vacuole- liquid-filled sacs that store materials that the cell has taken in or produced.
Nuclear Membrane – the outermost part of the nucleus.
Cytoplasm – the material in the cell that surrounds the nucleus. It carries out most of the activities in the cell.
Cell wall – it is a rigid material, that is nonliving. It protects all of the living parts of the
Chloroplasts- small green bodies; where photosynthesis occurs.
Nucleolus- a round body containing protein. It sends messages to the cytoplasm.
Chromatin- made up of very fine coiled threads. Before cell division and reproduction – they shorten and thicken into rods called Chromosomes.
Mitochondrion- oblong structure scattered in the cytoplasm. They produce energy for the cell. Sometimes called the Powerhouse of the cell.
Nucleus- round body near the middle of the cell; contains genes, which control all cell activity.
Centriole- a pair of small organelles near the nucleus. They assist in cell division.
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